Emerging topics in 3D GIS

3dfier: automatic reconstruction of 3D city models

Three-dimensional city models are essential to assess the impact that environmental factors will have on citizens, because they are the input to several simulation and prediction software.

3D city models for urban farming site identification in buildings

Studies have suggested that there is farming potential in urban residential buildings. However, these studies are limited in scope, require field visits and time-consuming measurements. Furthermore, they have not suggested ways to identify suitable …

Reference study of IFC software support: The GeoBIM benchmark 2019---Part I

Industry Foundation Classes (IFC), the buildingSMART open standard for BIM, is underused with respect to its promising potential, since, according to the experience of practitioners and researchers working with BIM, issues in the standard’s implementation and use prevent its effective use.

Reference study of CityGML software support: The GeoBIM benchmark 2019---Part II

OGC CityGML is an open standard for 3D city models intended to foster interoperability and support various applications. However, through our practical experience and discussions with practitioners, we have noticed several problems related to the implementation of the standard and the use of standardized data.

Extending CityGML for IFC-sourced 3D city models

Differences in the scope and intent of the contrasting IFC and CityGML data formats entail that converting the former to the latter results in loss of information.

Exploration of open data in Southeast Asia to generate 3D building models

This article investigates the current status of generating 3D building models across 11 countries in Southeast Asia from publicly available data, primarily volunteered geoinformation (OpenStreetMap).

Visualising detailed CityGML and ADE at the building scale

There is an increasing activity in developing workflows and implementations to convert BIM data into CityGML. However, there are still not many platforms that are suitable to view and interact with the detailed information stored as a result of such conversions, especially if an Application Domain Extension (ADE) is involved to support additional information.

The ISPRS-EuroSDR GeoBIM benchmark 2019

Standardised data formats and data models are essential for data integration and interoperability, which in turn adds value to data by allowing its reuse in multiple contexts.

Tools for BIM-GIS Integration (IFC Georeferencing and Conversions): Results from the GeoBIM Benchmark 2019

Update 2020-09-26: The paper was featured as the cover story of the September 2020 issue of IJGI! The integration of 3D city models with Building Information Models (BIM), coined as GeoBIM, facilitates improved data support to several applications, eg, 3D map updates, building permits issuing, detailed city analysis, infrastructure design, context-based building design, to name a few.

An application-driven LOD modeling paradigm for 3D building models

The level of detail (LOD) concept for 3D building models, which indicates the degree of closeness between a model and its real-world counterpart, is deeply rooted among the stakeholders in the field of urban research and 3D geoinformation. However, …

Linking Persistent Scatterers to the Built Environment Using Ray Tracing on Urban Models

Persistent scatterers (PSs) are coherent measurement points obtained from time series of satellite radar images, which are used to detect and estimate millimeter-scale displacements of the terrain or man-made structures. However, associating these …